Dealing with the awful patchy and crusty scalp is a dreadful nightmare for anyone. The scientific name is Seborrheic dermatitis, which affects the scalp. It causes a red, patchy scalp with flaky dandruff. Despite this, it can also affect the chest, the eye area, the area around the nose, and elsewhere. It is an irritating skin condition that requires constant check-ups and treatment. Occasionally, it goes away without much medication. If you or someone you know is suffering from scalp sores, be at ease that numerous treatments exist to clear up the problem. Discover a solution on How to Get Rid of Scalp Sores and Scabs and have a clean, pain-free scalp.
What is Seborrheic dermatitis?
It is a common scalp infection that is non-contagious. It is a manageable skin condition. The exchange of combs, towels, and pillows will not have any effect on people. The scalp looks red and patchy with a yellow or white crust. It is, in simple terms, known as Dandruff, also known as cradle cap if it occurs to a baby. It mainly affects the oily areas of the body. It persists for a long time and needs proper care to keep it at bay.
When should you seek help?
It is an annoying scalp condition that might get worse. You might require professional help in case:
- You are unable to focus on anything else due to the irritation.
- It has embarrassing crusts, and you don’t get proper sleep.
- If it leads to anxiety and depression.
- The infection persists even after self-care.
The primary cause of seborrheic dermatitis is an oily, greasy scalp that can also occur due to heredity. Some of the medications include; Lithium, Buspirone, Haloperidol decanoate, and Chlorpromazine.
The condition is easily understood due to its appearance, like the flaky scalp and redness, yet the doctors conduct a scalp test to examine the problem by a skin biopsy. The doctors use the scraped top layer of the scalp to diagnose. Other underlying conditions can be detected using skin cells. Other similar problems are Psoriasis, Atopic dermatitis (eczema), Tinea versicolor, and Rosacea.
Although some people find it easy to clean the scalp and get rid of dandruff without specialized medication, it depends on the severity of the condition to make the flaky crust disappear. In general, the treatments aim to combat the visibility of seborrheic dermatitis, itchy scalp, and redness. The doctors will offer antifungal ointments to apply to the scalp to soothe the skin. There are over-the-counter medications available that have antifungal ingredients, calcineurin inhibitors, and corticosteroids. The condition is such that it needs continuous care and treatment to recover and prevent further complications.
Shampoos and creams:
Application of the creams and shampoos that include antifungal properties and medications effectively clear the scalp. The remedies are readily available yet must not be overused. One of the side-effects of prolonged use of these drugs is that they might lead to thinning of skin and form scales or lines on the skin. Additionally, the calcineurin inhibitors tacrolimus and pimecrolimus are more expensive than the mild corticosteroid medications. If your ailment is incredibly severe, your doctor may recommend switching to a different medicine. You might use 2 percent ketoconazole (Nizoral) or 1 percent ciclopirox. However, pills are also used to treat the disease in minimal dosages as they might cause side effects and drug interactions. Itraconazole, fluconazole, terbinafine, pramiconazole, and ketoconazole are taken orally for severe seborrhoeic dermatitis cases.
Many home remedies give exceptional and lasting results, yet they help people with mild symptoms. Find below the list of dandruff shampoos to look for in the pharmacy with active ingredients:
- Selenium sulfide (Selsun Blue)
- Pyrithione zinc (Dermazinc, Head & Shoulders)
- Ketoconazole (Nizoral A-D)
- Salicylic acid (Neutrogena T/Sal)
- Tar (Neutrogena T/Gel, DHS Tar)
Try to make a self-care routine with the following products:
Tea tree oil: The excellent antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties make it an ideal treatment for seborrheic dermatitis. Apply it by diluting it with any carrier oil and rinsing it after 5 minutes.
Fish oil supplements: They contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are extremely useful for the skin and hair.
Aloe Vera: The natural product has soothing properties.
A look at diet- An unhealthy diet and improper food routine are some of the prime reasons that trigger dandruff. To bid farewell to the dandruff woes it is important to maintain a good digestive system with healthy foods.
The scalp is filled with oil-secreting sebaceous glands that protect the scalp from external damages, pollutants, etc. yet the excess production of oil is linked with dandruff growth, adding zinc supplements, or increasing zinc in the food will control the excess sebum production.
The risks with sugar
Sugar has many ill effects on health; even dandruff is associated with it. Dandruff is mostly attributed to yeast production known as Candida yeast. Foods and drinks that are high in sugar increase yeast production. Moreover, sugar intake adversely affects the vitamin B in the body that is the main source for a healthy scalp. Thus stay away from carbonated drinks, excess sugary foods, and highly processed foods.
A healthy gut is vital
Gut health plays a key role in overall health, and it can be also seen in fighting dandruff. Poor food linked with poor digestion is one of the main causes of dandruff. Eating fiber-rich foods, healthy grains, adding plenty of green leafy veggies in the diet will enhance the body’s digestion and improve blood circulation. Foods like garlic, onions, and scallions are very beneficial to fight dandruff as they have anti-bacterial and anti-fungal compounds present.
Watch out for food allergies
In addition to eating healthy, it is also important to focus on foods that are not absorbed by the body. Every individual has a different metabolism rate, absorption rate, and synergy with the food. Try to understand the foods that are causing trouble by consulting a nutritionist.
If you suffer from mild to severe symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, consult a dermatologist to get appropriate medication. Continuous usage of the drugs helps prevent skin infections and prevents